PCOD vs PCOS – Difference, Symptoms and Causes

PCOD vs PCOS – Difference, Symptoms and Causes

PCOD vs PCOS – Difference, Symptoms and Causes

PCOD and PCOS are two different conditions that affect a woman’s hormonal and reproductive health. 

Many people are unaware of their differences and often try to interchange or assume they are the same. 

But, in reality, they are different though a few symptoms match. 

What is PCOD?

Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is a chronic medical condition where the ovaries produce partially mature eggs or completely immature, grown collectively. Eventually, these turn into cysts in the ovaries, increasing the size of the ovaries. 

  • When this happens, ovaries secrete male hormones leading to irregular menstrual cycles, abnormal weight gain, infertility and hair loss. 
  • Normally, one of the eggs gets fertile and mature eggs every month. However, during PCOD, releasing mature eggs is difficult. Instead, they release immature eggs.
  • In normal cases, a small amount of male hormone gets released but in such cases, this production happens in excess amounts.

What is PCOS?

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition caused due to hormonal imbalance during the reproductive years, from 12 to 50. 

  • In this condition, there’s a cluster or collection of small fluid sacs, also called cysts on the outer edges of the ovaries. They contain follicles called immature eggs which fail to release regularly.
  • Several hormonal imbalances interfere with the menstrual cycle, due to excess production of androgen levels, a male hormone, causing irregular menstrual cycles.
  • This condition is very common affecting at least 1 from 5 women. 

What are the common symptoms of PCOD and PCOS?

With several common symptoms, PCOD and PCOS are often misunderstood as the same. Some of the common symptoms of PCOD and PCOS are;

  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Acne on the face, chest and back
  • Weight gain
  • Hair loss and hair thinning on the scalp
  • Excessive hair growth on face, hands, legs and belly
  • Skin darkening on the neck or under the breasts

What are the causes of PCOD and PCOS?

Although there is no proven cause for such situations, it’s believed that a few factors may contribute to causing this condition. 

  • Resistance to insulin
  • Genetics
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Environmental factors
  • Inflammation

What is the difference between PCOD and PCOS?

PCOS is a complex metabolic condition that includes the presence of cysts on the ovaries, hormonal imbalances causing irregular periods, excess production of male hormones, and insulin resistance.

On the other hand, PCOD mainly involves the presence of cysts on the ovaries, which can lead to hormonal imbalances and similar symptoms.

While both conditions can cause similar symptoms, PCOS is generally considered to be a more severe and complex condition than PCOD.

For more detailed information, refer to the blog “PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome): Symptoms, and Treatment”

How can Lotus Hospital help you?

PCOD and PCOS are complex hormonal disorders that can significantly impact a woman’s quality of life as well as her metabolic and reproductive health. 

While robust treatment options are currently unavailable, you can mitigate the side effects by managing the symptoms. Successfully managing these conditions requires a multifaceted approach that includes lifestyle changes, dietary adjustments, and medications. 

Achieving this necessitates staying on track with medical appointments and having tools to support you through the process.

Lotus Hospital is renowned as the top hospital in the country, housing specialists equipped with the information and support necessary to comprehend and manage these conditions. 

From tracking medical records and history to interpreting lab results and other health information, the hospital’s consultant gynecologists and specialists can provide the necessary support for good medical health.

Lotus Hospital is the best hospital in the country with top specialists with the information and support needed to understand and manage your condition.

Book your appointment now

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